DH-Pahang is a doubled-haploid of the germplasm collection accession named Pahang (2n=22). Pahang was collected in Malaysia’s Pahang province in the late 1940s. It is a wild accession that belongs to subspecies Musa acuminata ssp. malaccensis, whose genetic signature is commonly found in dessert and cooking bananas.

DH stands for Doubled Haploid which refers to the induced doubling of the chromosomes in a haploid cell (which has one set of chromosomes). In this case, the haploid cell was pollen. The doubled-haploid (DH Pahang) was produced ... [more]

Pisang Klutuk Wulung (PKW) is the Javanese name of a black-stem Musa balbisiana. Klutuk means seed and wulung black. Genebank accessions of PKW were collected in Indonesia, where it is believed to have been introduced, along with Pisang Klutuk.

This Musa balbisiana “Pisung Klutuk Wulung” resequencing project is a collaboration between 1 Lab. of Fruit Breeding and Biotechnology, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, and 2 The Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture and the Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lu... [more]

Musa itinerans, known also as Yunnan banana, is a close relative to both banana progenitors with wide distribution across subtropical China. It is native to south-east Asia and can be found in moist ravines to mountainous areas. In China, it is usually found in secondary tropical rainforests. It grows fast and can produce long rhizome with sucker emerging more than 2 meters from the mother plant, explaining its name origin.

Interestingly, It was shown as one of the most Foc-TR4 resistant and cold tolerant species in the Musa genus, providing valuable resource for the disease resistance and hardiness improvement in banan... [more]

The selected accession, named 'Banksii' belongs to the subspecies of Musa acuminata spp. banksii native to south-east Asia in Papua New Guinea. Banksii-derived cultivars played a major role in the development of several important diploid and triploid cultivar groups that are now widely dispersed.

The genome sequencing of this species is the result of the collaboration between Bioversity International and CIRAD. The project was technically supported by BGI and financially supported by the <... [more]

The selected accession, named Calcutta 4 belongs to the subspecies of Musa acuminata burmannica native to south-east Asia. According to MusaPedia, the accession would have been grown at the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture (ICTA) field collection in the West Indies from a sample of seeds received in 1931 from the Calcutta botanical garden. According to Ernest E. Cheesman, who was working at the ICTA at the time, the material originally came from Burma (today's Myanmar)

Calcutta 4 has been used extensively in breeding because of its resistance to black leaf streak. It is also resistant to sigatoka leaf spot, several races... [more]